This study investigated effect of titanium oxide nanoparticle additive on chemo-physical properties of bio-lubricant from sandbox seed oil. Titanium oxide nanoparticle-enriched sandbox bio-lubricant was developed by adding varying concentrations of the nanoparticle to the sandbox lubricant. Chemo-physical properties of the bio-lubricantwere analyzed in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards. FTIR analysis revealed that the molecular structure of sandbox oil was not damaged by addition of titanium oxide nanoparticle. Results from this study also indicated that the kinematic viscositiesof the nanoparticle-enriched bio-lubricants at 40 and 100oC, iodine values, acid values, and free fattyacid values are higher than that of sandbox bio-lubricant without nanoparticle. Viscosity index, saponification value, cloud point, flash and fire points of the nanoparticle enriched bio-lubricants are lower compared to sandbox bio-lubricant without nanoparticle.These results are found to conformto the SAE standards. The study revealed that addition of titanium oxide nanoparticle to the sandbox oil improved the chemo-physical properties of the bio-lubricant for better lubricating performance in the automotive engines.
Sandbox;titanium oxide; nanoparticle; chemo-physical; bio-lubricant.
C.A. Popoola , K.K. Ikpambese "Effect of titanium oxide nanoparticle enrichment on chemo-physical properties of bio-lubricant from sandbox seed oil" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals Volume 4 Issue 10 2021 Page 175-191
C.A. Popoola , K.K. Ikpambese "Effect of titanium oxide nanoparticle enrichment on chemo-physical properties of bio-lubricant from sandbox seed oil" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals, 4(10)