Availability of different types of residential housing units in appropriate proportion has been a major issue in most urban areas in Nigeria. In Enugu, the available housing units in their types have posed some environmental problems. This paper therefore examines the impacts of the primary types of residential housing units in Enugu metropolis on the environmental quality of the area. A relationship between environmental quality and types of housing units available in the study area was established, using a multiple regression model. The various environmental quality variables were reduced into a single factor score known as the ‘Y” (Dependent) variable using factor analysis. Four principal types of residential housing units prevalent in the area (single tenement rooms, block of flats, bungalows and duplexes) were used as the X1, X2, X3 and X4 (independent) variables. The coefficient of determination showed that adjusted r2 .902 in the result. This is an indication that 90.2% variation in the environmental quality can be predicted from the types of housing units. The impacts of block of flats were more pronounced than any other independent variable. The impact induced, different environmental problems including the emergence of shanties at the outskirt of the metropolis as well as within the core city. Provision of conducive environment by the government for the development of more of low and medium income housing units has been recommended among other measures.
Housing, Impact, Environmental, Quality, Enugu
Emodi Edmund Emeka , Udechukwu Eunice Ifeoma "Quantity of Residential Housing Units as They Impact on the Environmental Quality of Enugu, Nigeria" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals Volume 4 Issue 9 2021 Page 6-17
Emodi Edmund Emeka , Udechukwu Eunice Ifeoma "Quantity of Residential Housing Units as They Impact on the Environmental Quality of Enugu, Nigeria" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals, 4(9)