Industrial contamination of water bodies due to discharges of untreated or partially treated effluent is a major problem occurring in many developing countries like Nigeria. ‘This study surveys how effluents discharged from Emene industrial area of Enugu in Nigeria have impacted on the receiving Ekulu River. Laboratory analysis of samples were carried out. First sample was collected at the point where the river receives the industrial effluent. The second sample was collected at the upstream point to serve as the control. I3oth samples were analysed at Enugu State water corporation water analysis laboratory. Physiochemical and biological parameters were used in the analysis of the samples. The results were statistically analysed to show that there is significant difference between the point of receiving the effluent in the river and the upstream point. This manifested in the presence of high concentration at the receiving point .of the river of various parameters used in the analysis. The implication of this is the alteration primarily in the physiochemical and biological constitution of the water, which invariably impacted on various areas affecting the flora and fauna as well as human domestic and industrial usages. Appropriate treatment of the effluent before discharging among other measures have been recommended.
Impact, Effluent, Water, Quality, Enugu
EMODI, Edmund Emeka (PhD) "Analysis of Industrial Effluents As They Affect the Quality of Surface Water in Enugu Nigeria" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals Volume 4 Issue 6 2020 Page 37-45
EMODI, Edmund Emeka (PhD) "Analysis of Industrial Effluents As They Affect the Quality of Surface Water in Enugu Nigeria" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals, 4(6)